Content type is one of the fundamental features through which SharePoint 2010 manages all its data. Content type is essentially a template of columns and custom behaviour managed centrally and it can be reused as many times as needed throughout SharePoint web sites.
Built-in Content Types
SharePoint 2010 provides a vast list of built-in content types that suite various business needs. It’s always advisable to make use of built-in content type before considering creating a custom content type.
The following is the list of the built-in content types provided by SharePoint 2010.
|Folder||Discussion||Create a new discussion topic.|
|Summary task||Group and describe related tasks that you or your team needs to complete|
|Phone Call Memo|
|What’s New notification|
|List||Announcement||Create a new news item, status or other short piece of information|
|Comment||Create a new blog comment|
|Contact||Store information about a business or personal contact|
|East Asia Contact|
|Event||Create a new meeting, deadline or other event|
|Issue||Track an issue or problem.|
|Link||Create a new link to a Web page or other resource|
|Post||Create a new blog post|
|Schedule||Create new appointment|
|Schedule and Reservations||Create a new appointment and reserve a resource|
|Task||Track a work item that you or your team needs to complete|
Using built-in Content Types in SharePoint list
To use built-in content types, we need to create or use an existing SharePoint list or document library.
1. Open the SharePoint list for which we need to add the content type and select List Settings.
2. Click Advance Settings from General Settings group
3. Select Yes for Allow management of content types?
4. Click OK to Save changes
5. Click Add from existing site content types from Content Types section
6. Select List Content Types and Event
7. Click the Add > button to select the content type and click OK to save the changes
8. Go back to the list and select Event from New item dropdown button in the Items tab in the ribbon.
9. Enter new event details in the popup and click Save to create the new event.